9th century in Serbia
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|History of Serbia|
The following, of the Vlastimirović dynasty, ruled Serbia:
- around 814
- Višeslav is succeeded by his son Radoslav.
- Braničevci and Timočani, together with other tribes of the frontier, revolted and seceded from Omurtag's Bulgaria because of an administrative reform that deprived them of much of their local authority. They left the association (societas) of the Bulgarian Empire and sought, together with many other Slavic tribes, protection from Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious, meeting him at his court at Herstal.
- Ljudevit Posavski leads an uprising against the Franks (819). According to the Royal Frankish Annals, (written 822), Ljudevit went from his seat in Sisak to the Serbs somewhere in western Bosnia – the Serbs are mentioned as controlling the greater part of Dalmatia ("Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur").
- around 822
- Radoslav is succeeded by his son Prosigoj.
- Braničevci and Timočani and other frontier tribes come under Frankish rule.
- In 823
- The Narentines were at the time (823) subordinate to the Serbian Principality.
- by 836
- It is thought that the rapid extension of Bulgars over Slavs to the south prompted the Serbs to unite into a state under Vlastimir.
- Vlastimir united several Serbian tribes, and Emperor Theophilos (r. 829–842) probably granted the Serbs independence, thus the Serbs acknowledged nominal overlordship of the Emperor.
- ca 839
- In c. 839 Doge of Venice Pietro Tradonico headed with a large fleet towards the Narentines. They subsequently made peace and renewed a treaty, that would stop the piracy against the Republic of Venice. They however, shortly thereafter, plundered the Venetian borders under the leadership of Uneslav and Diodor. Ljudislav, the Narentine ruler that defeated Doge Pietro in 840, was possibly a co-ruler or successor of Drosaico.
- Khan Presian I of Bulgaria (r. 836–852) invades Serbian territory between 839–842 (see Bulgarian–Serbian Wars). The invasion led to a 3-year war, Vlastimir was victorious; Khan Presian made no territorial gain, was heavily defeated and lost many of his men as the Serbs had a tactical advantage in the hills, Presian was driven out by the army of Vlastimir. The war ended with the death of Theophilos in 842, which released Vlastimir from his obligations to the Byzantine Empire.
- after 842, before 846
- after 847
- Soon after 846, with the end of the Thirty Years’ truce, Malamir (or Presian) invaded the regions of the Struma and the Nestos, Empress-Regent Theodora answered by attacking Thracian Bulgaria. A brief peace was concluded, then Malamir proceeded to invade Macedonia. The Bulgarians soon annexed Ohrid, Bitola and Devol.
- Vlastimir marries his daughter to Krajina Belojević (son of Beloje, a lord in Trebinje), in 847/848. Krajina was given the title of Župan, to rule the province of Travunia with Konavle (centered on modern Trebinje), in the name of his father-in-law Vlastimir. The Belojević noble family was entitled the rule of Travunia.
- ca 850
- The Bulgar Army led by Vladimir, the son of Boris I of Bulgaria, invaded Serbia in an attempt for vengeance for the previous defeat of Presian 839–842 against Vlastimir. The Serbian Army was led by Mutimir and his brothers, which defeated the Bulgars, capturing Vladimir and 12 boyars. Boris I and Mutimir agreed on peace (and perhaps an alliance), and Mutimir sent his sons Pribislav and Stefan to the border to escort the prisoners, where they exchanged items as a sign of peace, Boris himself gave them "rich gifts", while he was given "two slaves, two falcons, two dogs, and 80 furs".
- before 869
- The Saracens attacked Ragusa in 869. The Ragusians asked Basil I for help, which he answered, sending a large flotilla with his admiral Niketas Ooryphas. Ooryphas manages to add the neighbouring tribes of Zahumlje, Travunia and Konavli (Serbian Pomorje) in the operation. The tribes were to aid with both fleets and land forces.
- At the same time, the Croats join Louis II of Italy.
- The pagan Narentines sacked a ship with emissaries returning from Constantinople, which enraged Basil I, resulting in him sending a fleet, subsequently subduing them.
- By 871
- after 871, before 878
- The first Serbian bishopric was founded at the political center at Ras, near modern Novi Pazar on the Ibar river. The initial affiliation is uncertain, it may have been under the subordination of either Split or Durazzo, both then Byzantine. The early church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul at Ras, can be dated to the 9th–10th century, with the rotunda plan characteristic of first court chapels. The bishopric was established shortly after 871, during the rule of Mutimir, and was part of the general plan of establishing bishoprics in the Slav lands of the Empire, confirmed by the Council of Constantinople in 879–880.
- between 870–874
- Petar, the son of Gojnik, is born.
- after 870, before 891
- An internal conflict among the dynastic brothers resulted in Mutimir banishing the two younger brothers to the Bulgarian court. He kept Petar in his court, for political reasons. Petar soon fled to Croatia. The reason of the feud is not known, however, it is postulated that it was a result of treachery.
- By 878
- The Eparchy of Braničevo was founded in 878 (as continuation of Viminacium and Horreum Margi).
- Bran later returned and led an unsuccessful rebellion against Petar in 894. Bran was defeated, captured and blinded (blinding was a Byzantine tradition that meant to disqualify a person to take the throne)
- ca 896
- Duke Glad, according to the 13th-century chronicle Gesta Ungarorum, ruled in the territory of modern Banat at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 896.
- Principality of Lower Pannonia's temporary holdings included territory in the east of the Danube and in the south of the Drava, i.e. parts of present-day central Hungary (between Danube and Tisa), northern Serbia (Bačka, west Syrmia) and eastern Croatia (west Syrmia, east Slavonia).
- Second half of the 9th century
- Académie des sciences de Bulgarie, Institut d'histoire, 1966, Études historiques, p. 66, Google Books
- The Macedonian question: the struggle for southern Serbia
- The South Slav journal
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- Eginhartus de vita et gestis Caroli Magni, p. 192: footnote J10
- The Turks: Early ages
- Prospetto cronologico della storia della Dalmazia: con riguardo alle provincie slave contermini, p. 86
- Etudes historiques: A l'occasion du XIII Congrés international des sciences historiques
- The early medieval Balkans
- Einhard, p. 216.
- Bury 2008, p. 372
- L. Kovacevic & L. Jovanovic, Историjа српскога народа, Belgrade, 1894, Book 2, p. 38—39
- S. Stanojevic, Историjа српскога народа, Belgrade, 1910, p. 46—47
- MacFarlane, p. 81
- The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 87
- Ferdo Šišić, Povijest hrvata u vrijeme narodnih vladara
- Fine 1991, p. 108
- Fine 1991, p. 110
- Runciman 1930, p. 88
- Известия за българите, p. 42—43
- Houtsma 1993, p. 199
- Encyclopædia Britannica: a new survey of universal knowledge, Volume 20, p. 341: "the eastern provinces (Branichevo, Morava, Timok, Vardar, Podrimlye) were occupied by the Bulgars."
- Živković, "Vlastimir"-section
- (Božidar Ferjančić), „Vizantijski izvori za istoriju naroda Jugoslavije II“ (fototipsko izdanje originala iz 1959), Beograd, 2007. ISBN 978-86-83883-08-0 (str. 62)
- Grupa autora, „Istorija srpskog naroda I“ , Beograd, 1981. (str. 148)
- Gy Moravcsik; Ruby Johnson Jenkins (1967). Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-88402-021-9.
- The early medieval Balkans, p. 141
- Southeastern Europe
- De Administrando Imperio, ch. 29 [Of Dalmatia and of the adjacent nations in it]: "...the majority of these Slavs [Serbs, Croats] were not even baptized, and remained unbaptized for long enough. But in the time of Basil, the Christ-loving emperor, they sent diplomatic agents, begging and praying him that those of them who were unbaptized might receive baptism and that they might be, as they had originally been, subject to the empire of the Romans; and that glorious emperor, of blessed memory, gave ear to them and sent out an imperial agent and priests with him and baptized all of them that were unbaptized of the aforesaid nations..."
- Pokrštavanje Južnih Slovena
- The entry of the Slavs into Christendom, p. 208
- The entry of the Slavs into Christendom, p. 209
- Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raska and Prizren
- The Serbs, p. 15
- Đekić, Đ. 2009, "Why did prince Mutimir keep Petar Gojnikovic?", Teme, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 683–688. PDF
- The early medieval Balkans, p. 150
- Longworth, Philip (1997), The making of Eastern Europe: from prehistory to postcommunism (1997 ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, p. 321, ISBN 0-312-17445-4
- Relja Novakovic, Gde se nalazila Srbija od VII do X veka (Where Serbia was situated from the 7th to 10th centuries) [Serbia, Belgrade: Narodna knjiga, 1981], pp. 61–63.
- The early medieval Balkans, p. 154
- Pop, Ioan Aurel. Romanians and Romania: A Brief History.
- Kristó, Gyula (General Editor). Korai magyar történeti lexikon (9–14. század).
- Dragan Brujić, Vodič kroz svet Vizantije – od Konstantina do pada Carigrada, drugo izdanje, Beograd, 2005.
- Grad Vukovar – Povijest