4th Canadian Division

4th Canadian Division
4th Canadian Infantry Division
4th Canadian (Armoured) Division
4th Canadian Division formation patch
Active 1916–1919
1940–1946
2013–present
Country  Canada
Allegiance Queen Elizabeth II[1][2]
Branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Land Force Command
Canadian Army
Type Infantry
Armoured
Size Division
Engagements Battle of Normandy
Battle of the Scheldt
Commanders
Notable
commanders
David Watson
George Kitching
Chris Vokes

The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army. The division was first created as a formation of the Canadian Corps during the First World War. During the Second World War the division was reactivated as the 4th Canadian Infantry Division in 1941 and then converted to armour and redesignated as the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division.[3] Beginning in 1916 the division adopted a distinctive green-coloured formation patch as its insignia. In 2013 it was announced that Land Force Central Area would be redesignated 4th Canadian Division.[4] It is currently responsible for Canadian Army operations in the Canadian province of Ontario and is headquartered at Denison Armoury.[5]

First World War

The 4th Canadian Division was formed in the Britain in April 1916 from several existing units and others scheduled to arrive shortly thereafter. Under the command of Major-General David Watson, the Division embarked for France in August of that year where they served both in the Western Front in France and in Flanders until Armistice Day. The 4th Canadian Division was a part of the Canadian Corps in the Battle of Vimy Ridge, which attacked and defeated the Germans, driving them from the ridge. As a result, the Canadians became known as masters of offensive warfare and an elite fighting force.[6]

In the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917, the 4th Canadian Division was given the job of capturing Hill 145, the highest and most important feature of Vimy Ridge. However, when they attempted to capture the hill, they were hampered by fire from the "Pimple", which was the other prominent height at Vimy Ridge. To capture Hill 145, forces which were supposed to attack the Pimple were redeployed and captured Hill 145.

Infantry units

10th Canadian Brigade:

11th Canadian Brigade:

12th Canadian Brigade:

Pioneers:

  • 67th (Western Scot) Pioneer Battalion Canadian Infantry. 1 September 1916 – 11 November 1918;

Battles and Engagements on the Western Front

1916:

1917:

1918:

4th Canadian (Armoured) Division

The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division was created during World War II by the conversion of the 4th Canadian Infantry Division at the beginning of 1942 in Canada. The division proceeded overseas in 1942, with its two main convoys reaching the United Kingdom in August and October.

The division spent almost two years training in the United Kingdom before crossing to Normandy in July 1944. In the United Kingdom, it participated in war games together with the Polish 1st Armoured Division, and later fought in France, the Low Countries, and Germany, both divisions followed very close paths. The division participated in the later stages of the Battle of Normandy at the Falaise Pocket, the advance from Normandy and spent almost two months engaged at the Breskens Pocket. It wintered in the Netherlands and took part in the final advance across northern Germany.

Formation

1944–1945

4th Canadian Armoured Brigade 
10th Canadian Infantry Brigade
Other units 

Commanding officers

DateGeneral officer commanding
10 Jun 1941 – 24 Dec 1941Major General L.F. Page, DSO
2 Feb 1942 – 29 Feb 1944Major General F.F. Worthington, CB, MC, MM
1 Mar 1944 – 21 Aug 1944Major General George Kitching, DSO
22 Aug 1944 – 30 Nov 1944Major General Harry W. Foster, CBE, DSO
1 Dec 1944 – 5 Jun 1945Major General Chris Vokes, CBE, DSO

[8]

David Vivian Currie VC

David Vivian Currie VC was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in command of a battle group of tanks from The South Alberta Regiment, artillery, and infantry of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada at St. Lambert-sur-Dives, during the final actions to close the Falaise Gap. This was the only Victoria Cross awarded to a Canadian soldier during the Normandy campaign (from 6 June 1944 to the end of August 1944), and the only VC ever awarded to a member of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps.

The then 32 year-old Currie was a Major in The South Alberta Regiment. During the Battle of Falaise, Normandy, between 18–20 August 1944, Currie was in command of a small mixed force of tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry which had been ordered to cut off one of the Germans' main escape routes.

After Currie led the attack on the village of St. Lambert-sur-Dives and consolidated a position halfway inside it, he repulsed repeated enemy attacks over the next day and a half. Despite heavy casualties, Major Currie's command destroyed seven enemy tanks, twelve 88 mm guns and 40 vehicles, which led to the deaths of 300 German soldiers, 500 wounded and 1,100 captured. The remnants of two German armies were denied an escape route.

Land Force Central Area and 2013 reactivation

The LFCA was created on 1 September 1991, taking command of what was previously Central Militia Area and the Regular Force Army units and formations in Ontario from the northern Lakehead region to the border with Quebec. At that point in time, the six subordinate militia districts were reorganized into four: Northern Ontario District, London District, Toronto District, and Ottawa District each one garrisoned by a brigade of militia troops and a small number of regular support staff.[9] Later that decade, in 1997, the four reserve force districts were again reorganized into three brigade groups.

At the time of its creation in the early-1990s, it was housed on the grounds of the former base and subsequently moved ca 1993 to the Place Nouveau office tower at Yonge Street north of Finch Avenue; this was controversial as the offices of the area commander, Major-General Brian Vernon, were lavishly renovated, attracting political criticism and attention from the Auditor General of Canada.

In 2013, the LFCA was renamed the "4th Canadian Division". With this change of name, the formation was also granted the identifying patch and historical lineage of the division that fought in the two world wars.[10]

4th Canadian Division current organization

2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group

2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade GroupCFB Petawawa
2 CMBG Headquarters & Signal SquadronCommunicationsCFB Petawawa
2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse ArtilleryCFB Petawawa
The Royal Canadian DragoonsArmouredCFB Petawawa
2 Combat Engineer RegimentCFB Petawawa
1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian RegimentMechanized infantryCFB Petawawa
2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment*Mechanized infantryCFB Gagetown
3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian RegimentLight infantryCFB Petawawa
2 Service BattalionCombat SupportCFB Petawawa

*2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment is stationed at Gagetown, which falls under the administration of Land Force Atlantic Area

31 Canadian Brigade Group

31 Canadian Brigade GroupLondon
31 Canadian Brigade Group HeadquartersLondon and Sarnia, Ontario
1st HussarsArmoured reconnaissanceLondon, Ontario
The Windsor Regiment (RCAC)Armoured ReconnaissanceWindsor, Ontario
11th Field Artillery Regiment, RCAArtilleryGuelph and Hamilton, Ontario
31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins)EngineerSt. Thomas and Waterloo, Ontario
31 Signal RegimentCommunicationsHamilton, Ontario
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)Light infantryHamilton, Ontario
4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian RegimentLight infantryLondon and Stratford, Ontario
The Royal Highland Fusiliers of CanadaLight infantryCambridge and Kitchener, Ontario
The Grey and Simcoe ForestersLight infantryOwen Sound and Barrie
The Essex and Kent ScottishLight infantryWindsor and Chatham, Ontario
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)Light infantryHamilton, Ontario
31 Service Battalion London, Hamilton, Windsor, Sault Ste. Marie

32 Canadian Brigade Group

32 Canadian Brigade GroupToronto
32 Canadian Brigade Group HeadquartersToronto
The Governor General's Horse GuardsArmoured ReconnaissanceToronto
The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)Armoured ReconnaissanceToronto and Aurora, Ontario
7th Toronto Regiment, RCAArtilleryToronto
56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCAArtilleryBrantford, Ontario
32 Combat Engineer RegimentEngineerToronto
32 Signal RegimentCommunicationsToronto, Ontario
The Queen's Own Rifles of CanadaLight infantryToronto (downtown and Scarborough)
The Royal Regiment of CanadaLight infantryToronto
The Lincoln and Welland RegimentLight infantrySt. Catharines and Welland, Ontario
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)Light infantryBrampton, Oakville and Georgetown
48th Highlanders of CanadaLight infantryToronto
The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother's Own)Light infantryToronto and Mississauga
32 Service Battalion Toronto

33 Canadian Brigade Group

33 Canadian Brigade GroupOttawa
33 Canadian Brigade Group HeadquartersOttawa, Ontario
The Ontario Regiment (RCAC)Armoured ReconnaissanceOshawa, Ontario
30th Field Artillery Regiment, RCAArtilleryOttawa, Ontario
42nd Field Artillery Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCAArtilleryPembroke, Ontario
49th Field Artillery Regiment, RCAArtillerySault Ste. Marie, Ontario
33 Combat Engineer RegimentEngineerOttawa, Ontario
33 Signal RegimentCommunicationsOttawa, Ontario
Governor General's Foot GuardsLight infantryOttawa, Ontario
The Princess of Wales' Own RegimentLight infantryKingston, Ontario
The Hastings and Prince Edward RegimentLight infantryBelleville, Peterborough and Cobourg, Ontario
The Brockville RiflesLight infantryBrockville, Ontario
Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry HighlandersLight infantryCornwall, Ontario
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own)Light infantryOttawa, Ontario
The Algonquin RegimentLight infantryNorth Bay and Timmins, Ontario
2nd Battalion, Irish Regiment of CanadaLight infantrySudbury, Ontario
33 Service Battalion Ottawa, North Bay, Sault Ste Marie, Ontario

4th Canadian Division Support Group

  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Personnel Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Operations Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Technical Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Engineers Services Squadron
  • 4 CDSG Signal Squadron

Branches

  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Safety Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Environmental Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Corporate Services

3 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group

3 Canadian Ranger Patrol GroupCFB Borden
3 Canadian Ranger Patrol Group HeadquartersRegular Support StaffBorden, Ontario
The Attawapiskat Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersAttawapiskat, Ontario
The Bearskin Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersBearskin Lake, Ontario
The Constance Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersConstance Lake, Ontario
The Eabametoong Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersFort Hope, Ontario
The Fort Albany Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersFort Albany, Ontario
The Fort Severn Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersFort Severn, Ontario
The Kasabonika Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersKasabonika Lake, Ontario
The Kashechewan Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersKashechewan, Ontario
The Kingfisher Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersKingfisher Lake, Ontario
The Kitchenuhmaykoosib Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersBig Trout Lake, Ontario
The Lac Seul Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersLac Seul, Ontario
The Mishkeegogamang Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersMishkeegogamang, Ontario
The Moose Factory Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersMoose Factory, Ontario
The Muskrat Dam Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersMuskrat Dam, Ontario
The Neskantaga Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersNeskantaga, Ontario
The Peawanuck Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersPeawanuck, Ontario
The Sachigo Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersSachigo Lake, Ontario
The Sandy Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersSandy Lake, Ontario
The North Caribou Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersNorth Caribou Lake, Ontario
The Wapekeka Detachment of the Kitchenuhmaykoosib Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersWapekeka, Ontario
The Webequie Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersWebequie, Ontario
The Wunnumin Lake Detachment of the Kingfisher Lake Canadian Ranger PatrolCanadian RangersWunnumin Lake, Ontario

Abbreviations

Commanders

  • Brigadier-General Jocelyn Paul, MSC, CD, - 2018–Present
  • Brigadier-General Stephen Cadden CD, - 2016 - 2018
  • Brigadier-General Lowell Thomas, CD, - 2014-2016
  • Brigadier-General Omer Lavoie – 2012–2014
  • Brigadier-General Fred Lewis, MSM, CD – 2010–2012
  • Brigadier-General Jean-Claude Collin, OMM, CD – 2008–2010
  • Brigadier-General John Howard, MSM, CD – 2007–2008
  • Brigadier-General Guy Thibault, CD – 2005–2007
  • Brigadier-General Greg Young CD - 2005
  • Brigadier-General Marc Lessard, CD – 2003–2005
  • Brigadier-General Andrew Leslie, OMM, MSM, CD – 2002–2003
  • Brigadier-General Michel Gauthier CD - 2000–2002
  • Colonel Chris Corrigan, CD 1999-2000
  • Brigadier-General Walter Holmes, MBE, MSM, CD - 1998-99
  • Major-General Bryan Stephenson, CD - 1995-1998
  • Major-General Brian Vernon, CD - 1993-1995
  • Major-General Lewis MacKenzie, CD - 1992-1993
  • Major-General Nicholas Hall, CD - 1991-1993

See also

References

  1. Department of Canadian Heritage (27 September 2015). "The Queen of Canada". The Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. Department of Canadian Heritage, Government of Canada (2 October 2014). "The Royal Family". The Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  3. "www.canadiansoldiers.com". canadiansoldiers.com.
  4. M.Dorosh. "CSC: Clarification on the Canadian Army's Historic Insignia Announcement". canadiansoldierscom.blogspot.ca.
  5. Official LFCA-JTFC Web Site
  6. Honey, K., (9 April 2002). A once-proud history, slipping away. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved on: 2 September 2008.
  7. "Juno Beach Centre – First Canadian Army, 8 May 1945". Junobeach.org. 1945-05-08. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  8. "4th Canadian (Armoured) Division". Canadian Soldier. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  9. "Domestic Military Organization 1900–1999". Canadian Soldiers.com. 22 February 2013.
  10. "Restoring the Canadian Army's historical identity". Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  11. nurun.com (2010-04-19). "'It's a great day to be a signaller' | The Kingston Whig-Standard". Thewhig.com. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
  12. http://www.army-armee.forces.gc.ca/en/21-electronic-warfare-regiment/index.page
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