2011 Georgian protests

2011 Georgian protests
Date 21–26 May 2011
Location  Georgia
Goals Resignation of President Mikheil Saakashvili, political reforms
Methods Demonstrations, civil disobedience
Status Inconclusive
Casualties

The 2011 Georgian protests were a series of anti-government protests in Georgia against President Mikheil Saakashvili.

Events

The protests began on 21 May 2011 when over 10,000 Georgians attended a demonstration in Tbilisi demanding Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili's resignation. In the southwestern city of Batumi some demonstrations also occurred with some protesters attempting to break into television building.[3] Nino Burjanadze, an ex-parliamentary speaker and leader of the Democratic Movement-United Georgia party, has been a lead figure in the demonstrations.[4] The protesters in Batumi briefly clashed with police.[5]

Burjanadze stated that one of the aims of the protesters was to prevent a parade commemorating Independence Day on 26 May 1918 from taking place in Freedom Square in Tbilisi.[6] On 26 May at about 00:15, Georgian police began to suppress the protests with tear gas and rubber bullets, and the protests soon ended. Burjanadze apparently fled in a motorcade which ran over one protester and one policeman (killing them both; two more bodies later showed up as well, apparently electrocuted by a loose wire).[1]

On the 28 May, a separate demonstration was held with thousands of participants, protesting against violence both by the protesters and by the police.[1]

Arrests

In early June, Georgian authorities arrested and charged Badri Bitsadze, husband of former parliament speaker Nino Burdzhanadze, with attempting to orchestrate the government takeover using paramilitary groups during the violent anti-government protests.[7] There have been 105 other arrests of protesters.[2]

Reactions

Mikheil Saakashvilli stated that he believed the protestors were backed by Russia and had provoked the violence.[2] Likewise John R. Bass, the American ambassador to Georgia, stated that "here were clearly a number of people included in that protest who were not interested in peacefully protesting, but were looking to spark a violent confrontation."[2] The Georgian Interior Ministry released video recordings that it claims show opposition members discussing how to instigate clashes with police[2][8] The Economist, meanwhile, spoke of an attempt by Burjanadze to "claw her way back to power".[1]

Irakli Alasania (an opposition leader who disassociated himself from the protests early on) opined that the protests were doomed to failure because:

The era when politicians can just call people on the streets is over. Georgia is building a new political culture. People want to determine Georgia’s future through elections.[1]

See also

References

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