Major rule changes
- After a foul that occurs inside the last two minutes of the first half and inside the last five minutes of the second half or overtime, the game clock will start at the snap, instead of when the ball is spotted and the Referee signals it is ready to be played.
- New rules were enacted, including loss of timeouts or five-yard penalties, to handle the problem of crowd noise when it becomes too loud for the offensive team to hear its signals.
- If a receiver and a defender eventually establish joint control of a pass, the ball will be awarded to whoever was the first player to establish control of the ball.
- While not a rule “change” per se, the “hurry up offense” was recognized as fully legal, and penalties for delay of game would be called against teams whose defenders faked injuries in order to slow down the tempo, unless those teams called for timeouts.
- Indianapolis finished ahead of Miami in the AFC East based on better conference record (7–5 vs. Dolphins' 6–8).
- Houston finished ahead of Pittsburgh in the AFC Central based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
- Philadelphia was first NFC Wild Card ahead of L.A. Rams based on better record against common opponents (7–3 to Rams' 5–4).
- Minnesota finished ahead of Green Bay in the NFC Central based on better division record (6–2 vs. Packers' 5–3).
- NOTE: The San Francisco 49ers (the NFC 1 seed) did not play the Los Angeles Rams (the 5 seed) in the Divisional playoff round because both teams were in the same division.
- * Indicates overtime victory
|Points scored||San Francisco 49ers (442)|
|Total yards gained||San Francisco 49ers (6,268)|
|Yards rushing||Cincinnati Bengals (2,483)|
|Yards passing||Washington Redskins (4,349)|
|Fewest points allowed||Denver Broncos (226)|
|Fewest total yards allowed||Minnesota Vikings (4,184)|
|Fewest rushing yards allowed||New Orleans Saints (1,326)|
|Fewest passing yards allowed||Minnesota Vikings (2,501)|
|Most Valuable Player||Joe Montana, Quarterback, San Francisco|
|Coach of the Year||Lindy Infante, Green Bay|
|Offensive Player of the Year||Joe Montana, Quarterback, San Francisco|
|Defensive Player of the Year||Keith Millard, Defensive Tackle, Minnesota|
|Offensive Rookie of the Year||Barry Sanders, Running Back, Detroit|
|Defensive Rookie of the Year||Derrick Thomas, Linebacker, Kansas City|
|NFL Comeback Player of the Year||Ottis Anderson, Running Back, NY Giants|
|NFL Man of the Year||Warren Moon, Quarterback, Houston|
|Super Bowl Most Valuable Player||Joe Montana, Quarterback, San Francisco|
- NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
- NFL History 1981–1990 (Last accessed December 4, 2005)
- Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)