1982 Commonwealth Games

XII Commonwealth Games
Host city Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Motto The Friendly Games
Nations participating 46
Athletes participating 1,583
Events 141 events in 12 sports
Opening ceremony 30 September
Closing ceremony 9 October
Officially opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Athlete's Oath Tracey Wickham
Queen's Baton Final Runner Raelene Boyle
Main venue QEII Stadium
<  XI XIII  >

The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium (named for Elizabeth II), in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games.[1] Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.

The Chairman of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was Sir Edward Williams.[2]

The 1982 Commonwealth Games Logo was designed by Paulo Ferreira,[3] who was the winner of a nationwide competition held in 1978. The symbol is derived from the form of a bounding kangaroo. The three bands, forming stylized A's (for Australia), are in colours which are common to flags of many Commonwealth countries.

Matilda the kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was represented by a cartoon kangaroo,[4] and a gigantic 13-metre (42 feet 8 inches) high mechanical "winking" kangaroo, who travelled around the stadium and winked at the crowd.

The games were officially opened by The Duke of Edinburgh and closed by The Queen.

Host selection

Bidding for the XII Commonwealth Games was held in Montreal, Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Lagos, Brisbane, Kuala Lumpur and Birmingham were the bidding cities. On 14 July 1976 it was announced that Brisbane had won the rights to stage the Games[5] after the other candidate cities withdrew bids earlier that year.

Brisbane was awarded by default of being the only Candidate City left at the bid election after Birmingham reversed its decision to submit an application.[5] Nigeria's boycott of the Montreal Summer Olympics made Lagos' bid lobbying impractical. The Montreal Summer Olympics were plagued with cost overruns and bidding on a sports festival anywhere in the world was not good politically.

Participating teams

46 Commonwealth nations and territories took part in the 1982 Commonwealth Games.[6] A total of 1,583 athletes and 571 officials participated in the event.[7] The Griffith University campus was used as an athletes village.[8]

Participating Commonwealth countries and territories
Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories

^ Note: The Falkland Islands debut at the games was partially poignant coming less than four months after the Falklands War.

Sports

Sports contested during the 1982 Commonwealth Games included athletics, archery, badminton, lawn bowls, boxing, cycling, shooting, swimming, diving, weightlifting and wrestling.[9] Table tennis and Australian football were demonstration sports.[10]

Venues

Highlights

Opening Ceremony (30 September)

The ceremony at the QEII Stadium was held on a fine but extremely windy day. The wind was so strong that skydivers who were going to descend into the stadium were cancelled.[7] Instead they made an entrance at the closing ceremony.

Day 1 (1 October)

The first event of the Games was 100 kilometres (62 mi) Road Trial in cycling. England won the Gold Medal in the event, and Australia won the Silver Medalcoming second to England by only six seconds.

Other sports which were contested on the first day of competition included swimming and diving, weightlifting, shooting and bowls.

Day 2 (2 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, weightlifting, shooting, cycling, bowls and archery.

The day was marred by both Australia and Canada being disqualified in the 4 × 100 metres relay in swimming, both problems occurring during change-overs. The medals awarded for this race went to England, Scotland and New Zealand.

Day 4 (4 October)

Sports contested included swimming, diving, cycling, athletics, archery, hammer throwing and shooting.

The day was marred when Canada was again disqualified, this time in the 4 × 200 metres freestyle relay. Canada protested against the winners, Australia, as well as against their own disqualification.

Closing Ceremony

Elizabeth II closed the Games during a colourful ceremony, which included parachute jumpers (who had originally been also intended as part of the Opening Ceremony display) jumping and landing in a special target area within the stadium and red, white and blue balloons. Matilda the Kangaroo also winked at the Queen. Following the closing of the Games, the Queen and Duke left the stand to be driven from the stadium. However, nobody wanted the Games to end and the Australian team formed a 'guard of honour' and ran beside and behind the car in which Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip were travelling, as it circled the stadium several times before finally leaving.[12] Team members from other countries also joined in running after the royal car.

Medals by country

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1982 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Australia393929107
2 England383832108
3 Canada26233382
4 Scotland861226
5 New Zealand581326
6 India58316
7 Nigeria50813
8 Wales4419
9 Kenya42410
10 Bahamas2226
11 Jamaica2114
12 Tanzania1225
13 Malaysia1012
 Hong Kong1012
15 Fiji1001
 Zimbabwe1001
17 Northern Ireland0336
18 Uganda0303
19 Zambia0156
20 Guernsey0112
21 Bermuda0011
 Singapore0011
 Swaziland0011
Total143141153437

Medals by event

Aquatics

Archery

Athletics

Badminton

Bowls

Boxing

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light FlyweightMen Abraham Wachire (KEN) John Lyon (ENG) Lucky Siame (ZAM)
 Leonard Makhanya (SWZ)
FlyweightMen Michael Mutua (KEN) Joseph Kelly (SCO) Grant Richards (AUS)
 Albert Musankabala (ZAM)
BantamweightMen Joe Orewa (NGR) Roy Webb (NIR) Ray Gilbody (ENG)
 Richard Reilly (AUS)
FeatherweightMen Peter Konyegwachie (NGR) Peter Hanlon (ENG) Rodney Harberger (AUS)
 Winfred Kabunda (ZAM)
LightweightMen Hussein Khalili (KEN) James McDonnell (ENG) Brian Tink (AUS)
 Steve Larrimore (BAH)
Light WelterweightMen Christopher Ossai (NGR) Charles Owiso (KEN) Clyde McIntosh (ENG)
 David Chibuye (ZAM)
WelterweightMen Chris Pyatt (ENG) Laston Mukobe (ZAM) Charles Nwokolo (NGR)
 Chenanda Machaiah (IND)
Light MiddleweightMen Shawn O'Sullivan (CAN) Nick Croombes (ENG) Roland Omoruyi (NGR)
 Tom Corr (NIR)
MiddleweightMen Jimmy Price (ENG) Douglas Sam (AUS) Jeremiah Okoroduddu (NGR)
 Kevin McDermott (CAN)
Light HeavyweightMen Fine Sani (FIJ) Jonathan Kirisa (UGA) Kevin Barry (NZL)
 Joseph Poto (ZAM)
HeavyweightMen Willie DeWit (CAN) Harold Hylton (ENG) Willy Isangura (TAN)
 Mohammed Abdallah (KEN)

Cycling

Diving

Shooting

Pistol

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Free PistolMen/Open Tom Guinn (CAN)553 Geoffrey Robinson (ENG)543 Phil Adams (AUS)540
Free Pistol - PairsMen/Open Phil Adams & John Tremelling (AUS)1077 Barrie Wickens & Rex Hamilton (NZL)1075 Geoffrey Robinson & Frank Wyatt (ENG)1074
Centre-Fire PistolMen/Open John Cooke (ENG)580 James Cairns (SCO)579 Noel Ryan (AUS)577
Centre-Fire Pistol - PairsMen/Open Noel Ryan & Alexander Taransky (AUS)1151 Mohinder Lal & Ashok Pandit (IND)1138 John Cooke & John Gough (ENG)1131
Rapid-Fire PistolMen/Open Lee Kui Nang (HKG)583 Jim Timmerman (CAN)583 John Cooke (ENG)582
Rapid-Fire Pistol - PairsMen/Open Peter Heuke & Alexander Taransky (AUS)1160 James Cairns & Hugh Hunter (SCO)1152 Sharad Cahuran & Ramakrishnan Vij (IND)1151
Air PistolMen/Open George Darling (ENG)576 Phil Adams (AUS)573 Tom Guinn (CAN)571
Air Pistol - PairsMen/Open Phil Adams & Gregory Colber (AUS)1128 Geoffrey Robinson & George Darling (ENG)1126 Jim Timmerman & Tom Guinn (CAN)1125

Rifle

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Small Bore Rifle, ProneMen/Open Alan Smith (AUS)1184 Malcolm Cooper (ENG)1184 Bill Watkins (WAL)1177
Small Bore Rifle, Prone - PairsMen/Open Malcolm Cooper & Mike Sullivan (ENG)1187 Colin Harris & Bill Watkins (WAL)1183 Patrick Vamplew & Ernest Sopsich (CAN)1180
Small Bore Rifle, Three PositionsMen/Open Alister Allan (SCO)1146 Malcolm Cooper (ENG)1145 Guy Lorion (CAN)1144
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - PairsMen/Open Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG)2301 Guy Lorion & Jean-François Sénécal (CAN)2279 Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO)2277
Full Bore RifleMen/Open Arthur Clarke (SCO)387 Lord John Swansea (WAL)385 Charles Trotter (GGY)384
Full Bore Rifle - PairsMen/Open Keith Affleck & Geoffrey Ayling (AUS)572 John Bloomfield & Dick Rowling (ENG)570 David Calvert & Hazel Mackintosh (NIR)563
Air RifleMen/Open Jean-François Sénécal (CAN)574 Matthew Guille (GGY)572 Malcolm Cooper (ENG)570
Air Rifle - PairsMen/Open Alister Allan & Bill MacNeill (SCO)1137 Malcolm Cooper & Barry Dagger (ENG)1126 Norbert Jahn & Anton Wurfel (AUS)1123

Shotgun

Event Gold Silver Bronze
TrapMen/Open Peter Boden (ENG)191 Terry Rumbel (AUS)190 Peter Croft (ENG)190
Trap - PairsMen/Open Jim Ellis & Terry Rumbel (AUS)190 Peter Croft & Peter Boden (ENG)186 James Young & Martin Girvan (SCO)183
SkeetMen/Open John Woolley (NZL)197 Ian Hale (AUS)196 Wally Sykes (ENG)195
Skeet - PairsMen/Open Brian Gabriel & Fred Altmann (CAN)191 Jim Sheffield & Wally Sykes (ENG)190 Alex Crikis & Ian Hale (AUS)190

Swimming

Weightlifting

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight - OverallMen Nick Voukelatos (AUS)207.5 Grunadan Kambiah (IND)200 Lawrence Tom (NGR)192.5
Bantamweight - OverallMen Geoff Laws (ENG)235 Bijar Kumar Satpathy (IND)227.5 Lorenzo Orsini (AUS)222.5
Featherweight - OverallMen Dean Willey (ENG)267.5 Tamil Selvin (IND)245 Chua Koon Siang (SIN)242.5
Lightweight - OverallMen David Morgan (WAL)295 Bill Stellios (AUS)285 Patrick Bassey (NGR)277.5
Middleweight - OverallMen Steve Pinsent (ENG)312.5 Tony Pignone (AUS)305 Jacques Demers (CAN)302.5
Light Heavyweight - OverallMen Newton Burrowes (ENG)325 Guy Greavette (CAN)320 Cosmas Idioh (NGR)317.5
Middle Heavyweight - OverallMen Robert Kabbas (AUS)337.5 Peter Pinsent (ENG)335 Mike Sabljak (AUS)325
Sub Heavyweight - OverallMen Oliver Orok (NGR)350 Gary Langford (ENG)350 Kevin Roy (CAN)340
Heavyweight - OverallMen John Burns (WAL)347.5 Joe Kabalan (AUS)325 Mario Leblanc (CAN)315
Super Heavyweight - OverallMen Dean Lukin (AUS)377.5 Bob Edmond (AUS)347.5 Bassey Ironbar (NGR)320

Wrestling

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light FlyweightMen Ram Chander Sarang (IND) Steve Reinsfield (NZL) Maldwyn Cooper (CAN)
FlyweightMen Mahabir Singh (IND) Ray Takahashi (CAN) Ken Hoyt (AUS)
BantamweightMen Brian Aspen (ENG) Ashok Kumar (IND) Chris Maddock (NZL)
FeatherweightMen Bob Robinson (CAN) Cris Brown (AUS) Augustine Atasie (NGR)
LightweightMen Jagminder Singh (IND) Zsigmund Kelevitz (AUS) Lloyd Renken (CAN)
WelterweightMen Rajinder Singh (IND) Ken Reinsfield (NZL) Brian Renken (CAN)
MiddleweightMen Chris Rinke (CAN) Wally Koenig (AUS) Jai Parkash Kangar (IND)
Light HeavyweightMen Clark Davis (CAN) Kartar Singh (IND) Nigel Sargeant (NZL)
HeavyweightMen Richard Deschatelets (CAN) Satpal Singh (IND) Murray Avery (AUS)
Super HeavyweightMen Wyatt Wishart (CAN) Rajinder Singh (IND) Albert Patrick (SCO)

Aboriginal movement protests

The Brisbane Commonwealth Games were also noted by large-scale protests by the Aboriginal rights movement in Australia, which brought to the centre of international media attention the lack of land rights, poor living condition and suppression of personal and political rights in Queensland in particular, and in Australia as a whole.[13] The protests, which were followed by large-scale arrests, are a significant event in the history of the Australian Aboriginal movement.[14]

Games identity

Mascot

The Matilda mascot from the opening ceremony was relocated to Wet'n'Wild Water World, a water park in the Gold Coast hinterland. Unfortunately, in 2007, Matilda lay out the back of Wet'n'Wild in pieces, until 2011, when the winking icon found a new home at the back of the Kybong Matilda fuel station (now a Puma Energy station), near Gympie, and has been thrilling visitors and locals with her impressive stature.[15]

Legacy

In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the 1982 Commonwealth Games were announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Defining Moment".[16]

See also

Footnotes

  1. "Queensland Sport and Athletic Centre". Austadiums.com. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  2. "Commemorating the life of Sir Edward Williams". 2004. Supreme Court of Queensland Library. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-08.
  5. 1 2 Cole, John R. (1984). Shaping a city. Albion, Queensland: William Brooks Queensland. pp. 350–353. ISBN 0-85568-619-7.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-03-17.
  7. 1 2 Phil Lutton. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  8. "Past Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  9. 1 2 McBride, Frank; et al. (2009). Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. pp. 274–275. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6.
  10. "Provincial Councils". The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka. 3 September 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
  11. The XII Commonwealth Games, Brisbane , Queensland, Australia, September 30 - October 9, 1982 : The Official History. Brisbane: The XIIth Commonwealth Games Australia Foundation. 1983. ISBN 0959220712.
  12. "Could the Gold Coast ever beat Brisbane's Games?". Brisbanetimes.com.au. 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  13. Spencer Reiss with Carl Robinson, "Aborigines Vs. Queensland", Newsweek: International Edition, 11 October 1982, p. 13
  14. Foley, Gary. "A Short History of the Australian Indigenous Resistance 1950 - 1990". The Koori History Website. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  15. Peters, Daniel (2015-08-04). "'Winking Matilda' from 1982 Commonwealth Games sits outside a service station | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-08-28.
  16. Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND'S 150 ICONS". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.

References

  • "XII Commonwealth Games - The Official Pictorial History" Channel 9 "Today Tonight", O & B Holdings Pty. Ltd., (1982)
Preceded by
Edmonton
Commonwealth Games
Brisbane
XII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Edinburgh

Coordinates: 27°33′30″S 153°3′44″E / 27.55833°S 153.06222°E / -27.55833; 153.06222

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