|Synonyms||1-Testo; 1-T; δ1-Dihydrotestosterone; δ1-DHT; Dihydroboldenone|
|Drug class||Androgen; Anabolic steroid|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||288.42 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
1-Testosterone (abbreviated and nicknamed as 1-Testo, 1-T), also known as δ1-dihydrotestosterone (δ1-DHT), as well as dihydroboldenone, is a synthetic anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which was never marketed. It differs from testosterone by having a 1(2)-double bond instead of a 4(5)-double bond in its A ring. It was legally sold online in the United States until 2005, when it was reclassified as a Schedule III drug.
A 2006 study determined that 1-testosterone has a high androgenic and anabolic potency even without being metabolized, so it can be characterized as a typical anabolic steroid. 1-Testosterone binds in a manner that is highly selective to the androgen receptor (AR) and has a high potency to stimulate AR-dependent transactivation. In vivo, an equimolar dose of 1-testosterone has the same potency to stimulate the growth of the prostate, the seminal vesicles and the androgen-sensitive levator ani muscle as the reference anabolic steroid testosterone propionate, but, unlike testosterone propionate, 1-testosterone also increases liver weight.
Mesabolone is a ketal made from 1-testosterone.
Methyl-1-testosterone is the 17α-methyl derivative of 1-testosterone.
Detection in body fluids
- William Llewellyn (2009). Anabolics (9 ed.). Molecular Nutrition. p. 22,135. ISBN 978-0-9679304-7-3.
- Friedel A, Geyer H, Kamber M, Laudenbach-Leschowsky U, Schänzer W, Thevis M, Vollmer G, Zierau O, Diel P (August 2006). "17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androst-1-en-3-one (1-testosterone) is a potent androgen with anabolic properties". Toxicol. Lett. 165 (2): 149–55. doi:10.1016/j.toxlet.2006.03.001. PMID 16621347.
- Zhang H, Qiu Z (December 2006). "An efficient synthesis of 5α-androst-1-ene-3,17-dione". Steroids. 71 (13-14): 1088–90. doi:10.1016/j.steroids.2006.09.008. PMID 17123559.
- S. Jain, A. Beotra and T. Kaur (2005). "A Case Study: Detection of 1-Testosterone in Urine by GC-MSD" (PDF). Recent Advances in Doping Analysis. 13: 407–410. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2011-06-18.