Žabalj

Žabalj
Жабаљ
Town and municipality
Orthodox church in Žabalj

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Žabalj within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°22′N 20°04′E / 45.367°N 20.067°E / 45.367; 20.067Coordinates: 45°22′N 20°04′E / 45.367°N 20.067°E / 45.367; 20.067
Country  Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District South Bačka
Settlements 4
Government
  Mayor Branko Stajić
Area[1]
  Municipality 400 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Town 9,107
  Municipality 25,777
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21230
Area code +381 21
Car plates NS
Website www.zabalj.biz

Žabalj (Serbian Cyrillic: Жабаљ) pronounced [ʒǎːbaʎ] is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Žabalj town has a population of 9,107, and Žabalj municipality 25,777. It is located in southeastern part of Bačka, known as Šajkaška. All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.

Name

Its name came from the Serbian word "žaba"/жаба ("frog" in English). In Serbian, the town is known as Žabalj (Жабаљ), in Hungarian as Zsablya or Józseffalva (between 1886 and 1919), in German as Josefdorf, and in Croatian as Žabalj.

History

Žabalj was first mentioned in 1514 as a fortress captured by György Dózsa. During the Ottoman rule (16th-17th century), it was populated by ethnic Serbs.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Žabalj was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier (Šajkaš Battalion). First church in Žabalj was mentioned in 1720, but it was later razed. Present-day Orthodox church dedicated to Saint Nicholas was built in 1835. In 1901, a Catholic church was built as well.

Since 1918, Žabalj was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and subsequent South Slavic states. In a 1942 raid, during the Hungarian Axis occupation, 666 inhabitants of the town were murdered: 355 men, 141 women, 101 children, and 69 elderly people.

Inhabited places

Žabalj municipality encompasses the town of Žabalj, and the following villages:

Demographics

Historical population of the town

  • 1961: 7,457
  • 1971: 7,851
  • 1981: 8,503
  • 1991: 8,766

Ethnic groups

The population of the Žabalj municipality:

Politics

Seats in the municipal parliament won in the 2004 local elections:

  • Serbian Radical Party (12)
  • Democratic Party (5)
  • Strength of Serbia Movement (3)
  • Serbian Renewal Movement (2)
  • G17 Plus (2)
  • Coalition "Victory" (2)
  • Alliance of Serbs in Vojvodina (2)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (2)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (1)

See also

References

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  • Zvonimir Golubović, Racija u južnoj Bačkoj 1942. godine, Novi Sad, 1991.
  • Dr Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
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