Šipka

Šipka Cave
Šipka Cave
location in Czech Republic
Location near Štramberk
Region Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic
Coordinates 49°35′15″N 18°7′9″E / 49.58750°N 18.11917°E / 49.58750; 18.11917Coordinates: 49°35′15″N 18°7′9″E / 49.58750°N 18.11917°E / 49.58750; 18.11917
Type limestone karst
History
Periods Paleolithic
Cultures Mousterian
Associated with Neanderthal
Site notes
Excavation dates 1879 to 1893
Archaeologists Karel Jaroslav Maška

Šipka is a cave located near Štramberk, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic, 440 m above sea level. In 1880, a mandible of a Neanderthal child was found there. The age of the child has been estimated to be between 9 and 10 years.[1]

The archeological work in Šipka was conducted in years 1879-1893 by Karel Jaroslav Maška. The cave was probably alternatively inhabited by Neandertals and cave bears. The site also yielded Mousterian tools and traces of hearths. This was the first discovery of Neanderthal remains in their cultural context.

References

  1. Jiří Svoboda, Vojen Ložek, Emanuel Vlček, "Hunters between East and West: the Paleolithic of Moravia", 1996, ISBN 0-306-45250-2, pp.52-54 (Google books)


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