Šamac, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Town and municipality

Location of Šamac within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 45°04′N 18°28′E / 45.067°N 18.467°E / 45.067; 18.467Coordinates: 45°04′N 18°28′E / 45.067°N 18.467°E / 45.067; 18.467
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
  Mayor Savo Minić (SNSD) [1]
  Municipality 177.54 km2 (68.55 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
  Town 5,390
  Municipality 17,273
  Municipality density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 54
Website www.opstinasamac.org

Šamac (Serbian Cyrillic: Шамац, pronounced [ʃâmat͡s])[2] is a town and municipality located in the northeastern part of the Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,390 inhabitants, while the municipality has 17,273 inhabitants.

It is situated on the right bank of the Sava river. Across the river is Slavonski Šamac in Croatia.


The city was founded by Bosnian settlers from Ottoman province of Smederevo in 1862. It was part of the Ottoman province of Bosnia by the time it was annexed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1887. After World War I, the city became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. From 1929 to 1939, it was part of Drina Banovina; and from 1939 until 1941 it was part of the Banovina of Croatia. During World War II, Šamac, as all the rest of Bosnia-Herzegovina, was included into Nazi-controlled Independent State of Croatia. After 1945, the city was reintegrated within the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Tito's Yugoslavia.

In the early stages of the Bosnian war the town was occupied by Bosnian Serbs who established the provisional municipal government. Most Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats were ethnically cleansed.[3][4] During the war, a semi-permanent front line was established against Croatian and Bosniak forces towards the neighboring Orašje. In 2003, three Bosnian Serb town leaders at the time of the Yugoslav Wars were sentenced in ICTY for crimes against humanity.[5]

The town lies on an important strategic position in Republika Srpska, near Brčko. As with most other places under Serb control, Srpska authorities removed the "Bosnian" adjective from the town's official name and changed it to "Šamac". Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats continued to refer to it by its historical name of "Bosanski Šamac" (Serbian Cyrillic: Босански Шамац, pronounced [bǒsanskiː ʃâmat͡s])[2] causing tension among the inhabitants. A court order had the official name changed to simply Šamac removing any ethnic divisions in its previous names.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Šamac has 17,273 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 14,230 13,628 13,256
Croats 14,336 14,731 2,426
Bosniaks/Muslims 2,192 2,233 1,265
Yugoslavs 481 1,755 -
Others 135 613 326
Total 31,374 32,960 17,273


Aside from the town of Šamac, the municipality includes the following settlements:


The local football club, FK Borac Šamac, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

Notable people

See also



  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.
  • Mangold, Max (2005), Das Aussprachewörterbuch, Duden, ISBN 9783411040667 
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