Which tree consumes most carbon dioxide and poisonous gases?

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I want to suggest to a gardener to plant trees for reducing pollution and poisonous gases emitted from a factory. Which species is preferable to plant in the area around the factory?

Yadav Chetan

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 942

7Carbon dioxide probably isn't a pollutant to worry about at a local level, though it's certainly still a good question from a global perspective. At a local level, blocking of sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxide, soot, or other common unhealthy pollutants is probably more relevant. Perhaps you could split this into 2 separate questions? – Highly Irregular – 2013-04-18T08:14:41.777

Answers

20

I was curious about which trees absorb the most CO2 and Googled for this a while back. I found that there are several websites that list trees that are good in absorbing carbon, e.g. this website and this website. Both sites list trees like:

  • Pine (Ponderosa, red, white and Hispaniolan pines)
  • Oake (Scarlet, Red and Virginia Live Oak)
  • Douglas fir
  • Bald Cypress
  • Common Horse-chestnut
  • Black Walnut
  • London Plane
  • American Sweetgum

However, there is one site1 2 that has an entirely different list:

  • Trembesi a.k.a rain tree (Samanea saman)
  • Bamboo (Bambuseae)
  • Cassia (Cassia sp)
  • Cananga/Kenanga (Canangium odoratum)
  • Pingku (Dysoxylum excelsum)
  • Banyan/Beringin (Ficus benyamina)
  • Krey Payung (Fellicium decipiens)
  • Matoa (Pometia pinnata)
  • Mahogany (Swettiana mahagoni)
  • Saga (Adenanthera pavonina)

As also mentioned by theUg and Blue_hat in their comments below, the first list probably applies to temperate climates, and the second one to tropical climates.

Note that for good sustainability you will have to consider more things than simply the amount of CO2 a tree can absorb.

First of all not all trees grow in all places. The tree you have in mind should be appropriate for the region and climate. If you have to water it, add fertilizer regularly or package it during cold winters to survive, etc. then it will be less sustainable. If the factory does indeed exhaust poisonous(?) gases as you said, then trees may not grow at all near it.

Second, think about what will you do with the trees once they are mature. If you harvest them and plant new trees then you can capture more CO2. But if let the tree fall down and rot or if you burn wood from harvested trees, then the captured CO2 will be released again.


1 update Jan 2015: sadly the link has died, but I found the same list in this forum post along with some statistics on how much CO2 the trees take up

2 update Aug 2017: the linked article can be viewed in this capture dated 27 Jun 2012 on Internet Archive Wayback Machine.

THelper

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 9 289

3The different lists could be for different regions, as you hinted upon. For instance, tropical list could be just for respective areal, but it also could mean the best absorbing plant species on the planet. However, the first list could be more useful in temperate climes. – theUg – 2013-04-22T00:10:36.927

I noticed the second list you posted is for totally different regions than the first. The first is more Temperate and the second is Tropical. Now, as far as I'm concerned that raises another question, which types are more efficient in absorbing CO2? – Blue_Hat – 2014-01-04T02:03:33.607

1A couple of points: (1) More important than how much CO2 a tree can absorb, is how much the species can absorb per area of land. A less efficient tree might be better if you can squeeze more of them into the same area. (2) Even if the CO2 is released again when the tree dies, it's still beneficial as long as the tree is re-planted. The important thing is how many trees exist at any given moment (and thus act as a carbon store). – JBentley – 2015-12-12T16:20:37.903

19

Basic chemistry here. Plants consume carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose. They then polymerize the glucose to create cellulose. In general, the amount of biomass that a tree produces is dependent on its net carbon uptake. If all you are trying to do is ensure that you take some CO2 out of the air, you want to plant fast-growing trees, ideally which are harder than softer.

Edit: one more thing to keep in mind: particulates.

One of the best things that trees are good at is removing particulates from the air, particularly if you have frequent rain. The particulates stick to the leaves and are washed off by rain. This is actually a function of the leaves since it means that trees get to catch floating sources of nutrients (for example, animals grinding dung into dust that then ends up in the wind). So one of your most effective reasons to plant around factories is to reduce particulate pollution.

Chris Travers

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 5 716

2Bamboos come to mind (fast-growing and harder). – Nate – 2013-04-21T10:50:07.923

7

Trees absorb carbon dioxide to grow and build biomass. If you want to absorb much CO2 you need a tree that grows fast at your local conditions - consult with your gardener about that.

Note that this will not solve problems with other pollutants, and will only put a rather symbolic dent into wordwide CO2 emissions.

mart

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 2 101

yeah thats the main criteria to think – Yadav Chetan – 2013-04-18T10:25:29.647

3One person's actions aren't going to put more than a symbolic dent into a worldwide problem, but one person's pollution didn't contribute more than a token amount to the problem in the first place. So, that's not really the right standard to hold an alternative to. – Nate – 2013-04-21T10:53:42.363

4That kind of thinking exampled in the second paragraph prevents people to contributing anything. Why do micro-transactions are popular these days? Because they are easy for the consumer, yet they add up for the provider. Who’s to say carbon-offset micro-transactions do not add up as well? – theUg – 2013-04-22T00:14:12.023

Some poplars grow huge fast. Redwoods grow huge, but don't plant them near houses or sidewalks (yes, you can buy redwoods). – Shule – 2014-10-21T03:07:30.780

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The factory will pollute much more than can be undone by planting trees (up to a reasonable number). Any approach that reduces the pollution of the factory will be more effective than planting trees as counter-measure.

It is true, however, that, say, a forest around the factory would help clean the air and absorb much of the pollution, so that planting trees is always a good idea, of course.

Earthliŋ

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 5 090

3This is not an answer to the question. – JBentley – 2015-12-12T16:21:37.720

4

Plant bamboo. Its also an excellent biofuel. Pines and evergreens collect pollutants on their leaves/spines/firs but are unable to drop them and assist in decomposition. this is why the bottom of a pine forest is always devoid of other plants. Bamboo is an excellent "growth" plant in terms of CO2 absorption as well as allowing pollutants to biodegrade within the lower level detritus.

Simon

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 51

3

Well, I know the question is more about outdoor plants (Trees) but I found a Wiki page on NASA's study about Indoor plants, which help remove toxic agents like benzene, ammonia etc. from air. NASA Clean Air Study has the details.

NP3

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 151

Looks like the Florist's chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) and Peace lily (Spathiphyllum 'Mauna Loa') performed best. – nu everest – 2016-02-05T15:09:03.647

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Gingko Biloba has high pollution tolerance! (speaking from a biology perspective, it's also my favorite)

Sarah

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 39

3Welcome to Sustainable Living! Could you elaborate on this? Do you also know if it can absorb a lot of CO2, relatively speaking? – THelper – 2014-01-03T16:10:15.680

1Hi Sarah. That isn't actually the question that was asked. Do you have information not on how well it tolerates pollution, but whether (and how well) it reduces it? – Flyto – 2014-10-08T11:39:14.237

1

Short and sweet answer is Bamboo and plants from that family. You can also reuse them as sustainable fuel.

Avoid the conifer and pines as they kill everything that lives beneath them due to toxified leaf (in their case needle) litter.

user1552

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 19

1Do you have any links to further explanations or research? What's you've posted is very light on detail. – Móż – 2015-07-29T08:39:57.087

This is silly. Go to a conifer forest and then tell me that everything underneath is dead. Bamboo 'forests' are pretty depauperate. Besides, bamboo can't be grown everywhere. But I'm not saying conifer will either. There is no best one. Oh - and I like bamboo! I wish I could grow it here - you can but is struggles. – Eric Deloak – 2015-12-04T17:27:33.217

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I'm a gardener who is always interested in these topics. I discovered Birch trees absorb a lot more pollution than most other trees but tend to prefer cooler climates. They will grow in the south of England but with a shorter life expectancy. If the soil is acidic and the summer is cool enough they should multiply on their own. To absorb street pollution from roads small trees would be more effective as the leaves do all the work. For a factory the planting needs to be diverse and well placed.

Beenie

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 11

-1

some useful suggestions here. i think understanding how it all started is important in finding the right solution to today's emission problem.

if we go back in time when the planet was inhospitable. all the early living organisms that came into existence eventual died and became trapped somewhere underground cos the planet was unstable at that time. in time they become fossil fuel loaded with Carbon and Hydrogen. this was ideal because all the excess CO2 was removed from the atmosphere (early living organisms on the planet were different from what we are today). anyway, this cooled the planet and it became more hospitable for our kind to thrive and flourish.

but in the last couple of centuries, human found an ingenious way to release all that CO2 trapped in the fossil fuel back into the atmosphere. so if we do not reverse this trend, then we will be the next store of fossil fuel for a different kind of life form on the planet. planting trees definitely helps, but its hardly the global solution we need. more research into harvesting hydrogen and using it as a substitute will be the solution i feel. if not we have to find ways to trap CO2 underground somehow. the kyoto protocol was a good global response, but nobody gives a damn.

recently, i was in the maldives. from the air, the horizon is no longer the picture perfect destination that travel brochures sell. for hundreds of miles all around, i could only see haze. its sad. the blue skies we were used to seeing as a child will be just a myth to our children and grandchildren.

check this out http://www.popsci.com/environment/article/2009-06/installing-plastic-trees-help-environment

phuntsho

Posted 2013-04-18T07:05:13.680

Reputation: 7

4Hi phuntsho, Welcome to Sustainability.SE. Thanks for your answer, but downvoted it because it does not appear to answer the question. This is a Q&A site rather than a discussion forum,so we do like answers to specifically address what is asked. – Flyto – 2014-04-18T14:08:29.293