plural/singular question



Can I use singular verb for these sentences?

Sentence 1. "Twenty gallons of paint is needed to paint the house"

Sentence 2. "Three members of the staff/crew is needed to paint the house"


I know there are other threads with similar questions so plaese don't mark this as duplicate as I'm asking a particular questions in this thread.

Edit. I'm in cofusion because the first example has a mass/uncountable noun and the second example has a singular noun and from what it says here it should be singular verb because it says the following: "Generally speaking - though there are exceptions - the fraction takes the same plurality as the thing it modifies; see here for a good explanation." so I don´t know if the sentences need a singular or plural verb.

Manuel Hernandez

Posted 2016-04-10T18:57:04.270

Reputation: 1 107



  1. Twenty gallons of paint is needed to paint the house.

is fine. Twenty gallons of paint would be considered a singular unit, as you said. However:

Twenty one gallon cans of paint are needed to paint the house.

is clearly plural.

  1. Three members of the crew are need to paint the house.

Even though you are referring to part of the crew, the number in the example is three, so I would not use the fraction rule. You could use a fraction though:

Half of the members of the crew is needed to paint the house.

half is a fixed group and has a set value based on the size of the crew.


Posted 2016-04-10T18:57:04.270

Reputation: 29 679

Based on what "sounds right" in British English, I would prefer "Half of the crew is needed" but "Half of the members of the crew are needed". The plural "members" following the singular "half" seems to take precedence. – alephzero – 2016-04-11T02:18:23.253


In the first, I would probably say "are", but I would accept "is" as perfectly grammatical, treating "twenty gallons of" as a quantifier on the non-countable noun "paint".

In the second, I would accept only "are", because "Three members of" cannot be a quantifier on "crew" or "staff". If you said "The three-strong crew" I would accept "is", though I would still say "are" myself.

Colin Fine

Posted 2016-04-10T18:57:04.270

Reputation: 47 277

Please check my edition for more information. Thanks – Manuel Hernandez – 2016-04-10T19:22:34.397

1I have given you my answer, and I don't see any reason to change it, except to note that in British English "staff" and "crew" can be plural or singular any way. I believe that in American English the pundits object to "staff" or "crew" with a plural verb. – Colin Fine – 2016-04-10T19:34:56.340

Sir I wasn't telling you to change your answer I was just telling you check new information. Thanks you anyway sir. – Manuel Hernandez – 2016-04-10T19:43:59.497

1+1. To me, it seems like it depends on the emphasis of your sentence: (1:) "gallons" / "are", "paint" / "is", (2:) "members" / "are". Realistically, I would use /"will be" or /"would be" for both sentences. – shade4159 – 2016-04-10T21:20:01.353