Someone asks me:
Was John surprised when he won?
I have two answers to choose from. Which is more appropriate?
- Yes. He had not expected to.
- Yes. He did not expect to.
Personally I like the first answer. I feel like there is an omitted part after Yes which establishes the time frame—"Yes[, he was surprised]." And since his expectations took place before he started being surprised, I have to use the double past.
Yes[, he was surprised]. He had not expected to [win before he started being surprised].