How many complements are in "I ask you to clean the room"?

3

How many complements are needed in the below sentence?

"I ask you to clean the room."

This sentence above has one complement or two complements?

HyunJeong Sera Woo

Posted 2015-04-03T17:26:31.757

Reputation: 39

Answers

2

How many complements are needed in the below sentence?

    1. "I ask you to clean the room."

The expected answer might depend on the grammar book you are using or on your teacher.

This is how I would parse something like that:

  1. "[I] asked [you] [to clean the room]."

The parts of that sentence #2, at matrix clause level, are:

  • "asked": the matrix verb of the sentence.

  • "I": a complement. It is functioning as the subject, and the subject is an external complement.

  • "you": a complement. It is an internal complement. It is functioning as an object (though some linguists might disagree here on this point).

  • "to clean the room": a complement. It is an internal complement. It is a to-infinitival clause.

And so, my answer would be: There are three complements.

CAVEAT: Your teacher and/or grammar textbook might want a different answer from what I had just given you.

F.E.

Posted 2015-04-03T17:26:31.757

Reputation: 5 118