Active voice and passive voice in Present tense and Present Continues tense

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Passive voice in the present tense:

I am proved wrong.

Here we are using past participle of the verb "prove".

Why did we do that, given that the sentence is in the present tense? And how can we use the passive voice with the present and present continuous tense?

user1114

Posted 2013-03-20T16:13:49.563

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Answers

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The passive voice always uses the 3rd (participle) form of the verb, even though the sentence might have any tense:

I am amazed by Justin Bieber. (present).

I was amazed by Justin Bieber last night. (past).

Justin Bieber has been attacked. (present perfect).

Ludwig van Beethoven had been seen at least once by his mother before he died. (past perfect).

...

Chris

Posted 2013-03-20T16:13:49.563

Reputation: 412

"Justin Bieber was amaze me last night" -Past tense, Active voice."I was amazed by justin Bieber last night"-Past tense ,Passive voice. is it correct. – None – 2013-03-20T16:45:08.463

@user1114 The passive voice version is correct. The active voice version should be "Justin Bieber amazed me last night." – Chris – 2013-03-20T16:48:50.837

We use Past participle(3rd form of the verb) in present tense for passive voice ,where else we can use past participle in present tense. – None – 2013-03-20T16:49:52.600

@user1114 I don't think there are any other cases. – Chris – 2013-03-20T16:50:44.470

@user1114 If this helped, remember to click the "tick" (✔) in this answer to mark it as accepted! – Chris – 2013-03-20T16:51:09.260

3There are two participial forms, and passive clauses can be made using either one. – snailplane – 2013-03-20T17:48:05.470

@Abody97, can you give an example of Present Continues Tense, please? – EnglishLearner – 2013-03-20T18:03:36.803

what are the two participial forms. – None – 2013-03-20T18:11:50.517

one is Present Participle and second one is past Participle – None – 2013-03-20T18:14:02.653

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@user1114 Yes, and most of the time you'll want the past participle, as mentioned by Abody97. Not always, however--see the "concealed passive" as described by Geoffrey Pullum, as in "This car needs washing."

– snailplane – 2013-03-20T18:34:48.263

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The difference is who/what is performing the action.

I am amazing. // Active, I'm the one who amazes others. An adjectival use.

I was amazed. // Passive, I am not currently amazed but I was. I did nothing, someone/something else amazed me.

I am amazed. // Passive, but I am still amazed by something that happened in the past.

QuentinUK

Posted 2013-03-20T16:13:49.563

Reputation: 451