How to pronounce words that end in consonant clusters like '-nds' or '-ths'?


I want to know how to pronounce words that end in consonant clusters such as '-nds' (e.g. sounds), '-th' (e.g. fifth, sixth), and 'ths' (e.g. clothes).


Posted 2014-10-19T14:14:38.547


You can find audio files and phonetic transcriptions of almost any word here: The case of fifth is interesting, because it can be pronounced either as [fɪfθ] or as [fɪθ]. – painfulenglish – 2014-10-19T17:42:38.677



English speakers regularly simplify certain clusters in English. This is usually not random, but relies on various rules in the language. In particular:

  1. the cluster /ndz/ as found in sounds, finds, pounds, friends, grinds and so forth can be reduced to /nz/:
    • /saʊnz, faɪnz, paʊnz, frenz, graɪnz/

Clusters with the 'th' sounds /θ/ or /ð/ very often get reduced at the ends of words too. For example, fifth is often pronounced /fɪθ/ and sixth /sɪkθ/. The word clothes is more often than not pronounced the same as close (meaning shut): /kləʊz/.

Araucaria - Not here any more.

Posted 2014-10-19T14:14:38.547

Reputation: 25 536

It's a well-known fact (although one that many native English speakers refuse to believe at first) that there is usually no difference between prince and prints – /ns/ and /nts/ – in English pronunciation. The clusters /nz/ and /ndz/ are the voiced analogs of these, and the difference between fines and finds is quite small, if it exists at all. – Peter Shor – 2014-10-20T20:34:15.383

@PeterShor Yes, in fact there's no difference if there's alvelor elosion of /d/ between fines and finds - but the very interesting prince, prints thing doesn't really happen because of elision - it's the other way round it's the epenthesis of /t/ into prince that makes them the same. The /n/ in /ndz/ is a bit of a red herring btw, the only requirement there is that that sound is voiced ... I wrote a proper description here alveolar plosive elision!

– Araucaria - Not here any more. – 2014-10-21T00:34:02.703

@PeterShor It's interesting that we never believe stuff about phonetics/phonology till we really start studying and listening ... It doesn't really work that way with grammar for instance! – Araucaria - Not here any more. – 2014-10-21T00:35:44.443