Is it always necessary to repeat the pronoun before each verb?



Is it always necessary to repeat the pronoun before each verb?

For example, do I need always to say:

She called me and she said X

or can I use a shorter one

She called me and said X


Danubian Sailor

Posted 2013-01-24T17:39:09.337

Reputation: 5 360

2You can use the shorter one. It is even more common. – juergen d – 2013-01-24T17:40:13.143



It's perfectly okay to say -

She called me and said X

Moreover, it is actually encouraged because repeating pronouns makes sentences awkward.
Only repeat pronouns if you think there will possibly be a confusion.


Posted 2013-01-24T17:39:09.337

Reputation: 1 573

3Sometimes repeating a pronoun adds confusion. She called her mother and she said X (who said X? She or her mother?) vs. She called her mother and said X--no confusion. – Flimzy – 2013-01-24T18:16:03.983

Sorry, this is not correct. See my answer. – bytebuster – 2013-01-24T18:17:13.303

@Flimzy Exactly. Although I think that should be a comment on the question, not my answer...? – Siddhartha – 2013-01-24T18:17:35.693


Ellipsis1 is not normally possible after other conjunctions besides and, but and or.

She didn't know where she was when she woke up.

Contrary to:

He was not hungry, but had to eat.

However, ellipsis of subject pronouns with forms of be is possible in some cases:

  • if possible
  • when arriving

Reference: M. Swan - "Practical English Usage"

1 Ellipsis is omission from a clause of one or more words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements.


Posted 2013-01-24T17:39:09.337

Reputation: 7 759