How many consonant and vowel combination types are there in English?


I'm an ESL learner and I'm not so good at English yet.

I want to find official documents, links, guides, etc. which contain rules about consonants and vowels blending together.

Which rules decide which letters can go together and which cannot?

For example:

q must go with u:


Are there any good references you can provide me with?


Posted 2013-02-23T11:40:22.080

Reputation: 133

Question was closed 2013-09-02T01:49:14.303

This question appears to be off-topic because it is a resource request. – WendiKidd – 2013-09-02T01:49:14.303

1There isn't any rule about that. Which letter follows a consonant depends from the origin of the word. For example, in qanat, Q is followed by A, and in qi Q is followed by I; qanat is a word that comes from Persian, while qi comes from Chinese. – kiamlaluno – 2013-02-23T11:50:07.243

1I think this question asks more about analysis of the language than about an actual practical problem with the language, and as such would be a better fit at EL&U. – SF. – 2013-02-23T19:37:53.133



Phonics is a key way to learn common letter combinations when spelling words.
You can read more here:

"Phonics is a method for teaching reading and writing the English language by developing learners' phonemic awareness—the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate phonemes—in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them."

For example: "ing" or "ph" usually have a certain sound, so that when spoken you can reasonably guess the correct letter combination.

Of course, some words borrowed from foreign languages will break those rules, but for common English it should be OK.


Posted 2013-02-23T11:40:22.080