How can I make use of mnemonics?

3

During self-study, especially English, I occasionally see suggestions that include mnemonic rules. I understand they can help me with studying, but I don't get these ideas.

Here's a typical example:

Q: How to mnemonically remember loose and lose?
A: Lose has lost one of it's o's.

It sounds a bit messy and difficult to grasp.

Is there a simple explanation how can one make use of mnemonic rules?

bytebuster

Posted 2013-01-24T13:05:02.873

Reputation: 7 759

Question was closed 2013-01-24T13:49:44.893

For a close-voter, a relevant discussion on Meta: http://meta.ell.stackexchange.com/questions/29/is-pedagogy-off-topic

– bytebuster – 2013-01-24T13:13:52.980

2I don't mind questions on pedagogy per se, but this one seems a little too open-ended and general. I wouldn't have a problem with, "Are there any good mnemonics to help me remember X?" if X is related to some nuance of the English language, but I think "How can one use mnemonics?" as a general question is simply too broad. Just my opinion on the matter. – J.R. – 2013-01-24T13:53:22.110

Answers

1

Mnemonic rules, indeed, help quickly remember some ideas that can't be explained, but only memorized.

English has many words which, due to historic or other reasons, while having different meaning, are written similarly to each other. For an English learner, it becomes easy to misspell a word, e.g.:

I want to loose weight is incorrect.
I want to lose weight is correct.

How mnemonic works

Say, you are trying to convey some meaning. Let it be "losing weight", or "getting slim".
There are two words with very similar orthography:

  • "loose" - to make less tight, or to unfasten
  • "lose" - to cause something to stop being in one's possession (correct)

The problem is that you don't see a logical link between meaning and spelling.
However, if someone tells you:

Lose has lost one of its O's

it will clearly tell you: the word stopped having one of its letters, or the word lost it. So, now you have:

I want to say about something lost.
The word "lose" has also lost one of its O's
Hence, I must use the word "lose".

This way, mnemonics is a tool for artificially linking meaning and spelling.

Usually, it is sufficient to learn a mnemonic rule for a single word of a pair, and by recalling one rule, you will know that the other word will obviously have another spelling.

An extra benefit of mnemonic rules is that they usually have humorous sense. Indeed, you can imagine a poor word that walked somewhere and lost one of its letters. The good thing is that jokes are better remembered by human's memory. This makes mnemonics a powerful instrument, especially if you are a beginner and can't (yet) remember formal grammar rules.

bytebuster

Posted 2013-01-24T13:05:02.873

Reputation: 7 759

1Mnemonics isn't limited to remembering language. Associate each digit 0-9 with an image or event and and you can remember any, even long number as a story of these characters taking part in events. – SF. – 2013-01-24T13:10:28.017

@SF. correct, but we must limit the scope and avoid large answers as they may be difficult for learners. – bytebuster – 2013-01-24T13:11:59.467

1It's a good question and answer, but it would have been nice to define the meaning of mnemonic: a device to aid the memory. – spiceyokooko – 2013-01-24T13:16:48.020