## "What's your favorite actor?" (AmE)

14

1

Is such a formulation ("what", not "who") acceptable in AmE? Some source says that it is acceptable and even fine.

Update. Some examples: 1) what's your favourite actor?

Update 2. More examples:

I've added the two examples just to show that such usage is not a single phenomenon.

2British English here, but I read the title and didn't bat an eyelid. When I read your comment I was rather surprised because I feel this should sound wrong to me, but it doesn't. – Muzer – 2017-10-20T14:09:36.007

8Also British English, and it sounds totally wrong. I would expect someone to correct themselves in speech if they used "what" instead of "who" to refer to a person or their role/occupation. – Dan – 2017-10-20T15:42:31.167

The links are from pages and sites 99% written by non-native speakers. The site with the title What Is your Favorite Singer? also has Find out what singer you truly like. It should be "… *which* singer you really like." and Q11 What do you do in spare time? it should be "…you do in YOUR spare time" – Mari-Lou A – 2017-10-20T19:29:36.687

2The 1st link is most probably due to clumsiness, the author started with What's your favorite movie? then What's your favorite band or singer or type of music? (Which is clumsy in itself) then What's your favorite actor, actress? so safe to say no one proofread the author's book. All perfectly acceptable in speech, it's easier to get away with slip-ups, but not in writing. – Mari-Lou A – 2017-10-20T19:38:28.863

"Some source says that it is acceptable and even fine." What sources say that? You just give examples of people using "What is your favourite [person]?" but that's a very different thing from a source saying it's acceptable or fine. For example, I could list hundreds of news articles about people being murdered, but that doesn't mean that the BBC, the New York Times and so on (or even the murderers) think that murder is "acceptable or even fine." – David Richerby – 2017-10-20T20:15:25.970

@Mari-Lou: Yes, I can also explain those sentences by using equivalents, what should be. But I am interested in grammatical formulations. Do you consider them to be acceptable in speech, though? – Yulia – 2017-10-20T20:46:24.953

@Ringo: Please, excuse me. I wanted to upvote your comment but deleted it by mistake. Could you please repeat it? – Yulia – 2017-10-20T21:28:13.210

2@Yulia if the speaker is native, and the dialogue otherwise fluid, coherent and cohesive, I don't think anyone would notice What is your favorite actor. However, if the speaker is non-native, their accent thick, and their speech peppered with hesitation and incoherencies then the inaccuracies become far more noticeable. – Mari-Lou A – 2017-10-20T22:39:38.697

What's your favorite president, is completely and utterly wrong. I really can't believe any American English speaker saying that. Search Google Books "Who's your favorite..." and the number of hits should convince you.

– Mari-Lou A – 2017-10-20T22:48:47.090

Yulia Ha i don't remember what i wrote. One of the things i was trying to say was that google analytical tools don't necessarily penetrate social apps used by teens or tweens in the US. I do agree with @Mari-Lou that that What Is Your Favorite Page seems written by someone outside the US, so I don't think it's useful even as an anecdote. – Ringo – 2017-10-21T16:01:23.827

1Native English speakers make mistakes like this all the time, it's quite common, but that doesn't mean it's not a mistake. – barbecue – 2017-10-22T22:08:48.400

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No, I don't think this is acceptable -- I've never heard this used before in American English, and I'm pretty sure it isn't used in any dialect. An actor is a person and must be referred to as "who."

Also, "favourite" is a British spelling. "Favorite" is AmE.

1It is simple politeness to let the listener know that you are talking about a person. An inanimate pronoun will certainly function, and is appropriate if the field [of answers] includes both animate and inanimate options, but we still have the animate pronouns so use them when appropriate. – amI – 2017-10-21T19:54:39.810

14

It would be unremarkable in casual, extemporaneous speech, when we sometimes let our mouths get ahead of our brains—I start out to ask "what's your favorite movie?" but then shift gears halfway through a sentence and say "actor" instead of "movie", or I've been asking a series of questions about favorites that are things and forget to switch my sentence structure when I get to a question about people. Some very casual writing, like online comments, can also be like that: the fingers get ahead of the brain (or auto-correct misinterprets something), and the question gets "published" to the internet, or the email or text is sent, before the brain notices the error and makes a correction.

On the other hand, I would be surprised to hear or see it in careful speech or writing. And, in fact, if we use Google Ngram1 to search published works, we find that "What is your favorite [person]" is so rare as not to show up in results at all, whereas "Who is your favorite" actor/author/singer all appear:

This corpus includes novels and plays, so as of 2000 "What is your favorite" actor/author/singer was not standard enough to make it even into dialogue.

1This version of Google Ngram searches Google Books circa 2009, a corpus primarily composed at that time of books held in the University of Michigan's library, and thus is fairly representative of US publishing standards over time (up to the year 2000). Standard caveats of Ngram usage apply.

I agree. But there is a difference between speech and publications which are supposed to be proofread before publishing. – Yulia – 2017-10-20T15:32:07.200

4@Yulia And, unfortunately, there's a huge difference between "proofread before publishing" and "the internet"! – TripeHound – 2017-10-20T15:59:41.840

@Yulia Yes, proofread publications would be included under "careful writing", where this construction would be surprising (in a bad way). – 1006a – 2017-10-20T16:43:27.333

@Yulia - If you want to search for entries that have been proofread before publishing, try searching through News and Books on Google. Those should give better results in assessing what is appropriate in more formal contexts. – J.R. – 2017-10-20T17:48:07.893

@J.R.: The first link in my post is to a book. – Yulia – 2017-10-20T17:50:34.160

2@Yulia - Sure, but it's a book published on Xlibris. Xlibris is a self-publishing company – that means no editors and no proofreading, except maybe by Uncle Frank and Aunt Edna. One hit in a self-published book does not make a usage acceptable. Bottom line: look for trends. There's a big difference between a book on Xlibris and a journal article written by an author whose third language is English, and 10,000 hits from mainstream authors and reputable publishers. – J.R. – 2017-10-20T18:13:54.763

@J.R.: Thank you for your comment. I saw the trend of using "what" in questions about people among young Internet users. I don't think they are all uneducated but... – Yulia – 2017-10-20T18:39:21.603

1@Yulia i think there could be something to your theory. I wouldn't rule it out, despite what ngram says. The kids today, they use their own apps and have their own way of saying things, away from our analytical tools. – Ringo – 2017-10-20T21:44:30.440

Just an anecdote, but here's a page that uses "What's your favorite singer?" Normally I would just think it's an error, but the page as impeccable grammar and spelling. https://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=what-is-your-favorite-singer

– Ringo – 2017-10-20T21:49:27.007

1@Ringo - Impeccable? I don't think "Music" or "Artist" should be capitalized, and I think "Tv" would be better written as "TV". There is no question mark after Question 10, and the word "Guitar" in 11E should be in all lower-case. In Question 8, "Grudge" should not be capitalized, but "spanish" should be (as it should be in Question 7). All the song titles in Question 2 should be written in Title Case, but they are not. Then there's that "What's your favorite singer?" gaffe.... – J.R. – 2017-10-21T10:16:36.660

1@J.R.Your proofreading skills are impeccable! :-) I concede. – Ringo – 2017-10-21T15:23:04.233

@Ringo Impeccable? He missed "Sceam". (/joke) – Fund Monica's Lawsuit – 2017-10-22T21:47:11.480

11

What source says this is acceptable or even fine? The title of a YouTube video an hardly an authoritative source. People commonly use poor grammar on internet message boards and the like.

You also linked to a poll that asks, "What is your favorite singer?", yet I couldn't help but notice that same page has links to surveys such as "What is your favorite food?" and "What is your favorite color?" This may have just been a copy-and-paste error.

I don't know if I can say "What is your favorite singer?" unequivocally wrong, but I can say that "Who is..." sounds much better than "What is..." in such contexts.

Rather than assuming the title of a pop poll means that a usage is acceptable, I'd say that it means people are too careless with their English grammar.

https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/whats-your-favourite-actor.2932095/ But the participant who stated that is banned (and I don't know the reason). – Yulia – 2017-10-20T15:00:30.643

I asked the question just because when I googled "What's your favorite actor?", I got a lot of links confirming my guess that asking such questions with "what" has become a kind of tendency. Glad that I am wrong. – Yulia – 2017-10-20T15:13:51.497

Yes, I saw this source. Yes, he is banned. :-) – Ringo – 2017-10-20T15:17:52.967