"Optimiser" vs "optimizer"?

7

I have seen words which are spelled either with a "z" or with a "s" like "optimizer" and " optimiser". I thought that the ones with "z" are wrong but on searching the web I found that both are correct. Why so? Is there any difference in the use also?

Kirti

Posted 2017-03-11T11:53:52.740

Reputation: 1 061

Answers

12

"-ize" is the common AmE suffix, while in BrE "-ise" is more commonly used:

-ize:

  • word-forming element used to make verbs, Middle English -isen, from Old French -iser, from Late Latin -izare, from Greek -izein, a verb-forming element denoting the doing of the noun or adjective to which it is attached.

  • English picked up the French form, but partially reverted to the correct Greek -z- spelling from late 16c. In Britain, despite the opposition to it (at least formerly) of OED, Encyclopaedia Britannica, the "Times of London," and Fowler, -ise remains dominant.

  • Fowler thinks this is to avoid the difficulty of remembering the short list of common words not from Greek which must be spelled with an -s- (such as advertise, devise, surprise).***

(Etymonline)

optimise vs optimize usages in AmE vs BrE.

user5267

Posted 2017-03-11T11:53:52.740

Reputation:

And in Canada it's a crapshoot which one you'd see more. – Sandy Chapman – 2017-03-11T20:24:33.200

@SandyChapman When you type both into your favorite word processor, which, if either, gets flagged as a spelling mistake? – Nat – 2017-03-12T02:49:59.327

2

According to NGram, both optimizer and optimiser are used in British English. But in American English, the latter isn't used.

user178049

Posted 2017-03-11T11:53:52.740

Reputation: 7 435