Why don't we use "the" before "third gear"?


Or fifth, fourth, whatever. Omitting the article would make sense if it were "gear five". But with gear being a countable noun, I'm totally stumped.

For example,

Whenever I start my car I switch from neutral to first gear


Posted 2017-02-23T20:44:40.987

Reputation: 715

1... There are many applications where we don't use articles before ordinal numbers. This happens to be one of them. It's why we say "I got fourth place in the spelling bee". – Catija – 2017-02-23T20:59:05.787

@Catija Yeah, you right! But that makes me totally confused now, as one does use them with ordinal numbers and sometimes doesn't. Could you please give the rule? – Rusty – 2017-02-23T21:04:19.790

If there are specific rules, I don't know what they are. As a native speaker, I just know when to use them and when not to. Hopefully someone else will be able to give you more of a guideline but I'm guessing it's just something you have to memorize. :( – Catija – 2017-02-23T21:05:15.723

2I think it's because "third gear" functions more like a name or title in this case, and we don't use articles with names or titles. For example, "He is captain of the ship", despite the fact that captain is a countable noun. – stangdon – 2017-02-23T21:05:29.657

@stangdon but in that example "He is the captain of the ship" isn't wrong... But saying "I put the car in the fourth gear" at least sounds very odd, if it's not wrong. – Catija – 2017-02-23T21:06:57.537

6third gear is a generic idea coming from: to switch gears. It's not like this: She lives in the third house on the left. or: He stole the fourth car from the right in that row. It's all about figuring out if a thing is generic, a general idea or if it is very specific. He wrecked the third gear in my car. In some cases, it can be either: He is captain of the ship and He is the captain of the ship [more emphatic perhaps]. For me, the gear thing is governed by the full expression: to switch gears. to switch into first gear, from first to second gear. – Lambie – 2017-02-23T21:20:38.357

@Catija - Well, it's not a perfect example, admittedly. – stangdon – 2017-02-23T21:31:49.507

As stangdon comments, "third gear" is used as the name of the gear. In the sentence, you could substitute a different name, like "fast gear". You could theoretically have a shifter pattern where you could enumerate the gears following a different sequence, in which case "third gear" might not be the literal third gear in that sequence, and "the third gear" might refer to a gear of a name other than "third gear". "The" refers to the literal position. – fixer1234 – 2017-02-23T21:44:27.883



"First gear", "second gear", "third gear" are really conditions or settings of the transmission, not sequence numbers.
Early in automotive use, "first gear" was "low gear", "second gear" was middle gear" and "third gear" was "top gear". Those were not countable things, but transmission settings. When numbers were applied to the gears, they continued being used grammatically as before.
Likewise, golf clubs stopped having names. "Drivers" didn't change, but "brassie" became "two wood", "spoon" became "three wood", etc. Those clubs had always been "a brassie", or, "the spoon" and continued as "a two wood", etc.
One reason for all this is that "gears" have been defined with ordinal numbers: "First", "second", etc. Clarity requires that one not refer to the first gear, as, the first gear one may want to use might not be "first gear".. So, the article cannot be used with clarity.
As to golf clubs, a player might have three woods, but only one "three wood", Golf clubs are identified with cardinal numbers. The article is needed to identify a club in question. Generally a player will only have one club identified by a number and (historically) material. "Give me the four iron", or, "give me the three wood" are clear as to what is wanted.

J. Taylor

Posted 2017-02-23T20:44:40.987

Reputation: 1 368


According to this English Club article, one of the things that we don't use an article for is routine places- home, work.

We could usefully extend this to cover standard positions, for example in various sports and in music: half back in soccer and football, fly half in Rugby, silly mid-on in cricket, small forward in basketball.

As positions, these never take an article:

He plays at centre half

but when we use exactly the same term to define the role of a person, we are in the same position as we are with captain: the article is optional

He is centre half
He is the centre half
He is a centre half

When we look for positions that contain numbers, we get examples such as:

Third base - baseball
Third position - ballet
Second oboe - orchestra

None of these take an article when used as a position. Note that neutral in a gearbox also does not take an article.


Posted 2017-02-23T20:44:40.987

Reputation: 43 538