Is “It may be not” correct?

5

Can I say something like “No, it may be not” or is that wrong? I affirmed something and then I said “No, actually it may be not” (trying to say it may actually not be like that) and somebody told me it should be “No, it may not be”, but the former still sounds better to me.

Rodrigo Pelissier

Posted 2017-02-18T12:38:54.247

Reputation: 95

1Needs more context, what was the sentence that came before? It could also be a spelling issue maybe vs may be it depends. More background detail, please. – Mari-Lou A – 2017-02-18T12:40:35.777

Lol I really wouldn't like to share that, but I just affirmed something and then said “No, actually it may be not” (like saying it may not be like that). – None – 2017-02-18T12:42:44.387

1I thought, I could help you. But may be not. Maybe someone else can. – Mari-Lou A – 2017-02-18T12:43:56.630

Related, but unfortunately the question was closed, the comments underneath are quite hepful though: May be not and may not be

– Mari-Lou A – 2017-02-18T13:06:51.767

Also related: What is the difference between “maybe” and “may be”?

– Mari-Lou A – 2017-02-18T13:09:34.097

I appreciate it but I think it's substantially different from my question, I already know “It may be not something” is wrong, but I'm not so sure about “It may be not” (without anything after); thanks again though. – None – 2017-02-18T13:10:19.413

1It would depend on the affirmation. Given the right affirmation, you could add as an afterthought, Actually, maybe not, which would be equivalent to "Actually, [it is] maybe not [as I said]." Or, if you don't strand not: "Actually, it may be not as I just said." – Tᴚoɯɐuo – 2017-02-18T15:58:43.570

Answers

10

Here is a quote from a famous paper by Geoffrey K. Pullum, Syncategorematicity and English infinitival to:

[A]lthough not can follow a finite auxiliary that is stranded by VP ellipsis, it is impossible to have not after a stranded nonfinite auxiliary. (Pullum 1982: 201–202)

Pullum's observation describes the following kind of data:

  1. Bob is attending but Ben is not.
  2. *Bob is attending but Ben might be not. (ungrammatical)
  3. Bob is attending but Ben might not be.
  4. Bob is attending but Ben might not.

In (1) we can see that the non-finite verb phrase attending has been ellipted from the clause in the second coordinate, Ben is not [attending]. The word not here follows the tensed auxiliary (and therefore finite verb form) is. This sentence is therefore grammatical because not is following a finite verb form.

However, in sentence (2), the phrase after not has been ellipted, but the verb before not is the non-finite plain form of the verb BE. This verb has no tense and is therefore non-finite. This sentence is therefore not grammatical.

In example (3) where not precedes the non-finite verb form be instead of following it, the sentence is fully grammatical.

In (4) we see the word not preceding the ellipsis. However it occurs directly after the finite auxiliary verb might. So sentence (4) is also grammatical.

The Original Poster's example

  1. *It may be not [like that]. (ungrammatical)

  2. It may not be [like that].

In (5) the word not directly precedes the ellipsis site. However, the word not itself is preceded by the non-finite verb form be. It is therefore ungrammatical. In (6), however, the word not occurs before the verb and not before the ellipsis site. (6) is therefore perfectly fine.


Note for grammar junkies

One might wonder why this particular piece of data is so important. Well, in grammars such as The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language it is argued that infinitival to is a subordinator. However, there is also a very compelling argument that the word to is non-finite auxiliary verb (yes, a radical idea). One piece of evidence that this is the case is that not cannot precede an ellipsis site when it directly follows the word to. In other words, to patterns in this respect like the non-finite auxiliary forms of be above:

  • *Bob wants to go there but Bill wants to not. (ungrammatical)
  • Bob wants to go there but Bill wants not to.

For further arguments explaining why to is probably a non-finite auxiliary verb see this paper by Robert Levine, 2012, Auxiliaries: TO's company.

Araucaria - Not here any more.

Posted 2017-02-18T12:38:54.247

Reputation: 25 536