## Why use verb-ing in this sentence?

1

Take a look on this sentence.

Today 71 years ago US dropped a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima killing over 1000000

Why in this sentence it uses killing, is it a noun and "Hiroshima killing over 1000000" is the noun phrase complement for this sentence?

5

A noun phrase complement is something that is linked to a noun using the verb be, for example:

Time is a great healer.

time is the subject and a great healer is the noun phrase complement.

Looking at your sentence, there is no be, so killing over 1000000 is not a noun phrase complement.

killing over 100000 is actually a participle clause. It is nonessential information, and should really be separated from the main clause with a comma:

Today 71 years ago US dropped a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima, killing over 1000000

1+1 . .. I commend to your attention the Cambridge Grammar's term supplement, which avoids suggesting that the information provided in these syntactically subordinate adjuncts is unimportant. – StoneyB on hiatus – 2016-08-09T10:25:51.450

I'm wondering hows about this stentence: I'm the one seeing the rainbow ,Here are 13 examples of Donald Trumps being racist so what are the role of seeing and being here? Is it a participle clause or noun phase? – TomSawyer – 2016-08-19T03:39:15.880

Gerunds act like nouns, participles act like adjectives. "I am the one [that is] seeing the rainbow" - participle, because it is following an omitted is, so it must be adjectival. "Here are 13 examples of Donald Trump's being racist" - gerund, because "Trump's" is a possessive, so it must be followed by a noun. Here is a similar question: http://ell.stackexchange.com/questions/19041/im-used-to-him-being-away-or-im-used-to-his-being-away

– JavaLatte – 2016-08-19T11:33:15.850